Why is the sun so harmful to the skin? How to protect it?

September 15, 2022 3 min read

Why is the sun so harmful to the skin? How to protect it?

Too much UV radiation can cause sunburn. Ultraviolet rays penetrate the outer layers of the skin and reach deeper layers, damaging or, failing that, killing healthy skin cells.For example, people who have little melanin burn easily.

Frequent and prolonged exposure to the sun's rays over many years is one of the main causes of skin cancer, which should not be taken lightly. Melanin protects the skin from the sun's UV rays, and a lack of it can lead to skin burns.And also reduce its elasticity over time, causing premature aging.

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Why is the sun so harmful to the skin? How to protect it?

What damage does the sun cause to the skin?

Exposing yourself to the sun frequently or staying in contact with its rays for a long time can produce the same effects as other diseases that degenerate the skin.Here are some examples:


When people spend a lot of time exposed to the sun without any protection, they can suffer serious consequences, such as blisters, fever, inflammation, and even second-degree burns,which must be treated immediately by doctors.


The sun strengthens the immune system, but too much sun exposure can impair white blood cell function and weaken the immune system. This makes the skin more susceptible to the development of infectious processes,such as herpes.

Eye photosensitivity:

Prolonged exposure to the sun causes terrible damage to the eyes and quadruples the risk of developing cataracts, the leading cause of blindness in the world.Avoiding it is as easy as wearing sunglasses with adequate sun protection.

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Acceleration in skin aging:

Is a consequence of the degradation of collagen and elastin, which leads to the appearance of scars, wrinkles, and sagging skin. The skin's defense mechanism tries to improve this situation, causing the formation of fibers called "sunspots",which cause wrinkles and depressions in the skin.

Skin cancer:

The wavelength of ultraviolet rays is shorter in the solar spectrum, and this property can give it a great ability to penetrate skin tissues.UV rays can reach the DNA cell nucleus and thus cause mutations.

Who is more prone to skin damage due to prolonged exposure to sunlight?

Exposing ourselves too much to the sun, all of us can suffer irreversible skin damage. Some suffer more than others, which is why if you are one of the following people,you should avoid prolonged exposure to UV rays:

  • People who have had skin cancer.
  • Those who have many freckles and moles.
  • People with very fair skin, blue or green eyes, red hair, blonde hair, or light brown hair.
  • Those who are going to take vacations in places of high altitude, since there, the sun's rays are stronger.
  • Or those who suffer from certain autoimmune diseases.

Why is the sun so harmful to the skin? How to protect it?

How do protect the skin from sun exposure?

The encounter of the sun with our skin is inevitable. But reducing the risks of exposure is very effective. As conscious human beings, we must promote the care of our skin. These with some tips to protect the skin from sunburn:

  • Mainly, we must use solar.
  • You have to drink a lot of water since keeping the skin hydrated can reduce damage.
  • Changing the way you dress is also a good option. Wearing long sleeves and a hat can protect you.

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