What are the most serious dermatological problems in the skin?

September 26, 2022 2 min read

What are the most serious dermatological problems in the skin?

Since the skin is the largest organ in the body, it performs many functions. It’s most important role is to create a protective barrier that protects our entire body from external factors that threaten us, such as pollution, viruses and bacteria.

Skin lesions often have a significant psychological impact on your appearance. These skin diseases can range from primary skin diseases to systemic diseases whose symptoms manifest through the skin. The creation of skin diseases can be very different. Here we will discuss some of the most dangerous on the skin.

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Acne is the most common and well-known skin disease. Its prevalence is 80% between 11 and 30 years old, although it is higher among women between 14 and 17 years old and men between 16 and 19 years old.

The disease is visualized by the appearance of sebaceous vesicles, which break off and become infected, turning into blisters or even cysts.

Acne is caused by hair follicles clogged with dead skin cells, bacteria, or dried sebum that prevents sebum from reaching the skin's surface through the pores.

Depending on the skin damage and the number of pimples present, it can be mild, moderate, or severe. It is a multifactorial disease, which means that in this case it is caused by the intervention of several factors, among which are factors such as genetics and the environment.


This is a skin condition that causes redness and burning on the face, which can sometimes be accompanied by enlarged superficial veins, blisters, or blisters. In more severe cases, a fima can develop, which is an amorphous growth of skin on the nose, chin, or ears.

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The main cause of rosacea is genetic, but there are factors that can cause redness by easily dilating blood vessels, such as: heat, cold, steroids on the face, sunlight, alcohol (red wine is the worst), spicy foods, and vigorous or even strenuous exercise.

Seborrheic dermatitis

This is a very common and mild skin condition. Seborrheic dermatitis presents rash-like skin lesions with red, itchy patches that can scab over.

Skin lesions usually appear in areas with high sebum production, such as the scalp, face, chest, ear canal, and back. The most affected areas of the face are the forehead, eyebrows, behind the ears, around the nose and mouth.

Dandruff is one of the most common scalp symptoms. It does not indicate an infectious disease or poor personal hygiene. Twenty percent of the world's population may be affected, with men suffering more than women.


Factors that contribute to recurrence include sun exposure, fever, menstruation, stress, trauma to the infected area, or the use of immunomodulatory medications (corticosteroids). This is not a serious infection, except in immunocompromised patients. About 20-25% get a cold once or twice a year.

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