How do I know what kind of sunscreen I should use?

October 01, 2022 3 min read

How do I know what kind of sunscreen I should use?

Although slowly, everyone realized the harmful effects of the sun and the need to protect themselves from its attacks. Many forget that it should be done every day, not just in summer or sunbathing. You are also exposed to radiation when you go to work or shop, so your skin needs protection even on cloudy days.

Therefore, it is important to know that there are always options for skin care, depending on the type of photo and the level of sun exposure. Daily use of sunscreen is essential for a healthy lifestyle. Reduces the risk of skin cancer, stops the first signs of aging, spots and wrinkles.

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How to choose the right sunscreen?

The increasing and more targeted availability of sunscreens means we must continue to research to find better products for our skin and needs.

You first need to understand what SPF is and what the different types are. Sunscreen or sunscreen is a product that filters or reflects UVA and UVB rays and prevents skin damage. All sunscreens have a rating called SPF (sun protection factor) that determines the level of protection.

Before choosing and buying a product, it is necessary to know some information. Currently, a body protection factor greater than 15 and 30% is recommended. The number factor represents the time that a person can be exposed to the sun (in ideal conditions) without becoming red (erythema), since this is the main sign of sunburn.

The effectiveness of protectors also depends on their correct use, so when using them, do not forget about the most sensitive parts of the body. For example, special attention should be paid to the face, ears, neck, décolletage, lower back, clavicles, metatarsals, and shoulders. On the other hand, the skin on the rest of the body is somewhat thicker and less affected by the sun, but not without protection.

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What is the phototype?

It is the ability of the skin to absorb and protect itself from the sun and is divided into six different categories:

Phototype I:

They have very pale skin and light eyes. They burn when exposed to the sun, they always peel, they never burn. They have many freckles, usually red. The person in the photo must wear SPF 65 or higher.

Phototype II:

They are easy to burn, steal and light. These people have light, blond, blue or green eyes. They require the use of SPF 50 or higher.



Phototype III:

It is suitable for people with light skin, light hair and light eyes. When exposed to sunlight, they turn red and then light up. The right thing to do for them is to use a sunscreen with SPF 40 or higher.

Phototype IV:

People with this optic style have brown skin, eyes, and hair. It can be burned without applying in sunlight. A sunscreen with an SPF of 25 or higher is good for them.

Phototype V:

They are people with brown skin and black hair. His skin is prone to hyperpigmentation and he rarely burns his skin. People with this phototype should use a sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher.

Phototype VI:

They are pigmented and never burn. They still need to protect their skin from radiation, so they should use a sunscreen with SPF 8.

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